Q: Am I obliged to answer?

A: YES. All people living in Albania, native and foreign, except diplomatic staff accredited to Albania, who are within of the territory of the Republic of Albania, at the time of registration, are obliged to provide exactly the information required for registration, for themselves and for their relatives. The Census participation of all people living in Albania is a social and municipal obligation.

Q: How will I recognize an enumerator?

A: Enumerators have official identification cards and use the official Census questionnaire.

Q: Why do we need a Census?

A: It gives a detailed description of all aspects of Albania’s economical, social and public life: How many people reside in Albania today and how do they live? What services do they need, and many other aspects of society. The Census data will provide this information and help responsible authorities planning on a realistic basis and tailoring services on concrete needs in the field of health care, education, employment, infrastructure etc. Furthermore the census data allow the comparisons between countries and regions, so that Albanian and international institutions can follow developments easier and plan their activities more precisely.

Q: Why do you write down the names of all my family, when you say data are anonymous?

A: Personal data are used only during the enumeration phase to ensure that an indi-vidual questionnaire has been completed for every person, but they will not be used in any way after the completion of this phase. Data will be used only in aggregated form and depersonalized.

Q: Does the Census data collection have legal or taxation consequences?

A: No! Collected data have no legal consequences. They cannot be used to prosecute or taxation.

Q: How will INSTAT protect my data?

A: You can feel safe about sharing personal information with us because: Personal census information is protected by law; All census staff are bound to confidentiality by individual commitments; We use your information only in aggregated form for statistical purposes only; All census questionnaires are processed in Albania in the facility of INSTAT

Q: What is an ethno-cultural group?

A: The United Nations Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses, 2008 edition, states that: “Ethnicity is based on a shared understanding of the history and territorial origins (regional, national) of an ethnic group or community as well as on particular cultural characteristics: language and/or religion and/or specific customs and ways of life.”

Q: What will happen to my data?

A: The law guarantees the protection of data and confidentiality of personal information. All information collected will be confidential and serve only to publish official census data and statistics. The questionnaires will be secured and only INSTAT will proceed with data entry and data processing. Personal census information is kept confidential. Census data are used only as aggregated figures and will serve only to publish official census data and statistics.

Q: Is there any consequence for my declarations on religion and ethno-cultural group belonging? Or what happens if I don’t declare?

A: Your responses on the questions to religion and ethno-cultural group have no consequence at all. Even when you don’t answer, there will be no consequence. Please note: These are the only questions you have not to answer. All other questions are mandatory.

Q: Is Albania the only Country conducting a Census?

A: No. Around 200 countries worldwide carry out regular censuses. The United Nations and European Union encourage all countries to collect census-type information. Censuses are usually carried out at 10 year intervals, at close reference dates with other countries of the world. This guarantees that comparisons of data between countries are feasible and reliable.

Q: When will it happen?

A: The Census will be conducted in the period from 1st to 21st of October 2011.

Q: What is the Housing and Population Census?

A: The population and housing census is the enumeration of all people, households and dwellings within the territory of the Republic of Albania at a given time. It is like a snapshot by showing, through data, who resides in Albania and under what socio-economic and housing conditions. It is one of the most important statistical operations, providing detailed information on the number and structure of the population comparable even at very small geographic level. The Census is not connected with registers for taxes, pensions, properties, electric power distribution or refugee status.

Q: Do I have to show my ID-card to the enumerator?

A: No! Individual data (date of birth, place of birth, marital status, ethnicity, citizenship, educational attainment, etc.) will be collected on the basis of voluntary self-declaration. However you can use your ID-card and any other document if it helps you giving correct information.

Q: What questions will be asked?

A: Questions asked by the INSTAT enumerator will be very simple. We ask about members of household, their age, occupation, education, marital status, language. (If you want to take a look at the questionnaire: Please download a sample questionnaire on the census Web site: www.census.al.

Q: Why do you ask about religion and ethnicity?

A: Individuals may indicate in the census their ethnicity and religion if they wish to, but it is not compulsory to provide this kind of information. That is the principle according to international standards. The United Nations give some guidance on that point: In its “Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses, 2008” it is said: The ethno-cultural data are relevant for the understanding of the cultural diversity of the population, the position of ethnic groups in society as well as for the definition and monitoring of anti-discrimination policies.” Many countries use this information for the understanding of processes of integration of immigrants and their children. This information, however, is voluntary, so nobody is forced to reveal his beliefs against his or her will.

Q: Who will be enumerated?

A: People living in Albania including foreign residents with a minimum of one year of stay or with the intention to stay at least one year. Only diplomats are not counted. When you have a foreigner lodging in your apartment please allow the enumerator to approach your renter. Households, dwellings (whether or not inhabited), collective living quarters will be included in the enumeration.

Q: What will the Census data be used for?

A: Policy and decision makers use census data to plan a wide range of services according to the people’s needs. Academic Institutions use census data to research on demography, social sciences, economics, environment, public management, education and many more. The Census data is also important for business and economical development. The collected census data give a detailed profile of the labour market, the level of education of working-population, indicate areas of higher unemployment, needs for state interventions and educational programs. And precise data help to develop the economy by providing essential data for investors and aid programs.

Q: Who will use census data?

A: Governments in national and local level, businesses, research and academic institutions, official statistical agencies, civil society, Individuals, regional partners, European Union, international organisations such as IMF, OECD, World Bank, OSCE, UN organizations such as UNFPA, UNICEF, UNOHCR, WHO, WTO, ILO and many other worldwide counterparts.

Q: Where can I find additional Information on the Census?

A: For more information please visit the Census website: www.census.al or if you have any further questions regarding Census issues please send us an e-mail at: info@instat.gov.al or call us at: 0800 3333 or 0800 8888.

Q: How will it be conducted?

A: The census is based on the traditional census method with collecting data during door-to-door visits in whole Albania. 15.000 people are in the field for enumeration, supervising, controlling and supporting the logistics. The enumerator in your region will visit you and he or she fills in the questionnaire according to the information given by you.

Q: How will I be enumerated if I have no home?

A: All persons who have no dwelling place will be considered homeless and will be recorded as such. Only the individual questionnaire will be completed them.

Q: Who is conducting it?

A: INSTAT, the Institute of Statistics of the Republic of Albania, will conduct the Housing and Population Census2011 according to international standards. The Census is regulated by the Law on the General Census of Population and Household, Nr. 8669, date 26.10.2000, amended with the Law nr.10442, date 07.07.2011 "On some changes and additions to the Law nr. 496, date 26.10.2000". INSTAT is receiving technical assistance for the preparation and implementation of the census, and for data dissemination, from the European Union.